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「營商宣教」沒有聖經或神學基礎?

很少人提及「營商宣教」的聖經或神學基礎,其實不同神學家都有對「營商宣教」擬定不同的聖經或神學基礎。這包括:榮耀神學、創造神學、救贖神學、管家神學等。

Q.  BAM has NO biblical or theological foundation?

A.  Few have mentioned about the biblical and theological foundation of BAM. In fact, several theologians have written about that. They are the Theology of Glory, Creation, Redemption and Stewardship.



「營商宣教」是否真正營商不重要?

現時許多工人多借用「營商宣教」為居留的途徑,而很少真正使用「營商」作為宣教的策略,這是十分可惜的。因此在洛桑的會議中所發表有關「營商宣教」的宣言,清楚說明「營商宣教」需真正營商。

Q.  Doing “real” business or not, is NOT important in BAM?

A.  In some circumstances, BAM is used for missionary to obtain residency in a country, but it is said to know that several have used it as a mission approach. In the Occasional Paper on Business-as-mission published by the Lausanne Committee for World Evangelization has declared that BAM Company has to do “real” business.



「營商」只是宣教士居留的一種途徑,不是一種宣教的途徑?


「營商」當然可以給予宣教士一種居留的途徑,但藉著「營商」可以接觸不同的人士,包括:顧客、供應商、員工、政府等,實在是傳福音的好平台,而現實中亦有不少人見證到這果效。

Q.  Doing business is a way for missionaries to earn residency in the countries, and NOT an approach to world mission?

A.  BAM helps missionary to earn residency in a country; however, it creates an excellent platform for a missionary to reach different people, e.g. customer, supplier, employee, government official, and so on. In fact, many have witnessed good results from this.



「營商宣教」會對宣教士製造金錢引誘,故不宜採用?

一般來說,宣教士不會領取營商所得到的利潤,所以這方面對他們的引誘應不太大。此外,若有適當的監控及交帳制度,便會防止宣教士掉下這網羅。

Q.  BAM will create monetary temptation for missionaries; therefore, it should NOT be adopted?

A.  To avoid facing the temptation of money, missionaries will not share the profit from the business.  In addition, with sound control and monitoring mechanism, it will prevent missionary from falling into the trap.



「營商宣教」會令宣教士沒有足夠時間去兼顧事工,故不宜採用?

若要求宣教士兼顧營商和宣教,而他們又沒有接受營商和管理訓練,的確很容易使宣教士疲於奔命。理想的做法是宣教士與營商人士彼此配搭,各盡其職,共同建立天國事工。其次是採取30/70定律 ( 30% 時間營商,70% 時間事工) 。

Q.  Doing BAM often leaves little time for the ministry; therefore, it should NOT be adopted?

A.  It is exhausting for a missionary untrained for business to manage business and ministry at the same time. The ideal approach is to team up with a business partner to accomplish the Kingdom Ministry. Another clue is to adopt the 30/70 rules (30% business time and 70% ministry time).



傳統宣教士,沒有營商經驗,可以成為「營商宣教」者嗎?

按調查顯示,成功的營商宣教者,皆不是有營商背景,最重要是他們接納「營商宣教」,倚靠神下決心去做。

Q.  Can a traditional missionary, who has no prior business experience, be a BAM worker?

A.  The research had shown us that most successful BAM missionaries did not have   prior business experience. More important, missionaries have to accept the BAM approach, trust in God and determine to do.


 
「營商宣教者」是否一定需要「營商」訓練?

這問題就好像問「宣教士」是否一定要接受神學訓練,「營商宣教者」最好有營商宣教訓練。「營商宣教」團隊裏,不一定每一個都懂得營商,只要他們的團員有人懂得便可以,但他們每一位均需要接納營商宣教哲學。

Q.  Does a BAM missionary require to be trained in business?

A.  This question is similar to one asks whether or not a missionary requires to receive the theological training. A BAM worker is best to receive BAM training. In the BAM team, it does not necessary that each one needs to know how to do business. It is alright if some team members know that, but the whole team needs to support the BAM approach



「營商宣教」的資金是否一定全由教會負責?


不一定,按<2007營商宣教調查>(BAM Survey 2007)報告顯示,營商項目可以由弟兄姊妹用奉獻、投資或免息貸款形式籌集。

Q.  Is the church responsible to fund the capital required in the business?


A.  Not necessary.  From the BAM survey 2007, funding of the business can come from the church members’ donation, investment or interest-free loan.



問: 假如經營的生意,不能持續下去,教會應如何面對?

「營商宣教」應有一個「營商監察小組」(BAM Steering Committee),可以建議有關事情。教會應聯同差會,作最後決定。

Q.  What should the church do if the business cannot be sustained?

A. 
BAM should have a Steering Committee to give advice on the business, and let the Church and the mission agency jointly to make the final decision.



教會如何使會眾接受「營商宣教」?

答:像推廣差傳一樣,教育會眾認識「營商宣教」

Q.  How to help church member to accept BAM?

A.  Church should educate the congregation about BAM just as the church promotes the vision of mission among them.



問:「營商宣教」只是為居留?

答: 近年來許多人談「營商宣教」,以為這是因為許多國家,都不容易讓宣教士用傳統方式進入,於是迫於無奈地假裝以「商人」身份進入。他們開設了一間空殼公司,或只是象徵性進行商業活動。但這些都不是「營商宣教」的應有目標!

「營商宣教」顧名思意,最終目標是「藉營商活動去把福音傳出去」,而不是「借營商名義去把福音傳出去。」後者是宣教士假借商人的名義居留,而繼續以傳統的方式把福音傳出去。他們的對象可能是左鄰右里,又或許跑到偏遠的鄉間,去做探訪見證的工作。這種做法可能會達到「提昇當地人生命的」宣教目的,但卻不能達到「提昇當地人生活」的目標。

「藉營商活動去把福音傳出去」可以藉著營商活動,直接地與福音對象接觸。這包括生意的伙伴、供應商、顧客、員工等。「營商宣教」,除了有機會見證神,作光作鹽外,更協助成就神的創造事工。因為,營商可以為當地人民製造就業機會,提昇當地資源運用,改善當地的生活素質。同時,因人民溫飽和有工作,個人尊嚴也被重視,其社交生活也大大改善。試想一個人,終日沒有工作(更何談工作滿足感與才幹發揮),總是期望被人救濟(正如一般傳統救援扶貧的宣教模式),怎有能力抬起頭來與人談笑風生呢?「營商宣教」正正可以為社區帶來這額外的好處!

著名神學家Wayne Grudem在其書Business for the Glory of God,更解釋到營商可以榮耀神!期望我們對「營商宣教」有更清楚和深入的認識,明白它的好處和它是合神的心意,使我們從「抗拒」、「懷疑」轉到「認同」和「鼓勵」,使許多「關閉之門」可以得敞開,完成神的大使命!

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